Crear una carpeta compartida en VirtualBox sobre Windows

Logotipo de Oracle VirtualBox.Una herramienta muy potente para la gestión de máquinas virtuales es Oracle VM VirtualBox. Es, además libre y gratuita, por lo que resulta ideal para realizar pruebas de virtualización de sistemas.

Una herramienta que podemos utilizar con esta aplicación es la de crear directorios compartidos con el sistema anfitrión, que nos permite compartir, como su nombre indica, directorios entre ambos sistemas sin necesidad de utilizar la red local, de forma directa.

Explicaré como realizarlo sobre un sistema Windows XP como sistema huesped.

Instalando las Guest Additions

En primer lugar hemos de tener instaladas las Guest Additions en el sistema huesped. En un sistema Windows esto es muy sencillo y basta con pulsar sobre la opción Dispositivos en el menú de VirtualBox y luego sobre Instalar "Guest Additions". Esto hará que se ejecute la aplicación para instalarlas. Posteriormente nos solicitará reiniciar el sistema y ya las tendremos instaladas.

Compartiendo carpetas

Para compartir carpetas accedemos a la opción del menú de VirtualBox Dispositivos > Carpetas compartidas... En la siguiente imagen podemos ver la selección de esta opción junto con la de la instalación de las Guest Additions.

Selección de la opción de carpetas compartidas.

En la pantalla que obtenemos pulsamos sobre el icono en el que aparece un más en verde y a partir de ahí seleccionamos la carpeta a compartir. En nuestro caso le damos el nombre de prueba. Si marcamos la opción Hacer permanente, tendremos disponible esta carpeta cada vez que arranquemos el sistema.

Carpeta compartida en VirtualBox.

Con esto ya tendremos la carpeta compartida en VirtualBox.

Para acceder a ella desde la máquina virtual simplemente tendremos que abrir un explorador de windows e introducir la dirección \\vboxsrv\carpeta_compartida, en nuestro caso:

\\vboxsrv\prueba

Con esto ya tenemos acceso a la carpeta compartida. Además, podemos mapear este acceso como unidad de red para que se monte cada vez que arrancamos la máquina virtual.

Otra forma de acceso

Otra forma para crear la carpeta compartida consiste en generar todo el proceso anterior de forma automática. Esta forma me ha dado algunos problemas por lo que la comento como una forma adicional.

El proceso es similar al anterior, pero al seleccionar la carpeta a compartir marcamos la opción de Automontar junto con la de Hacer permanente.

De esta forma, al reiniciar la máquina virtual, comprobaremos que ya se ha montado la unidad de red con la carpeta compartida.

Los problemas que he tenido al intentar montar de esta forma las carpetas compartdas consisten primero en un error al crear la carpeta compartida (este error desaparece al reiniciar la máquina y supongo que será al intentar montar esta carpeta y la unidad de red 'en caliente').

El segundo problema ha sido al intentar montar dos carpetas compartidas, ya que solo me montaba una en la máquina virtual. Por estos dos problemas recomiendo el primer método, aunque sea un poco menos intuitivo.

Comentarios

mi maq.. al hacer clic para que instale el guest additions...no hace nada .... y no se a que se deba..

Valery

¿qué sistema operativo tienes virtualizado? Esta entrada esté pensada para un sistema Windows virtualizado. En caso de virtualizar un Linux la instalación de las guest additions es un poco más compleja ya que una imagen de un disco en el escritorio y has de ejecutar el archivo autorrun.sh de ese disco.

 

hola, mi sistema anfitrion es windows 8, y el sistema huesped es pear OS, tengo problemas al compartir carpetas...tiene un link o alguna recomendacion como hacerlo???...muchas gracias

hola, mi sistema anfitrion es windows 8, y el sistema huesped es pear OS, tengo problemas al compartir carpetas...tiene un link o alguna recomendacion como hacerlo???...muchas gracias

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